The visa for family members.

While you operate your business in Japan, are you going to stay away from your family members for years?
If you can’t live such a lonely life, let’s study about a visa for your family members to live with you in Japan.

The name of the Visa is “Dependent” visa which is called “Kazoku Taizai” in the Japanese language.
This Visa can be granted to your spouse and children.
(Including adopted children too)
If the application for the visa is granted, you can live with your spouse and children in Japan.

The Immigration Bureau will examine the credibility of your relationship with the applicant and whether you have the financial strength to support your family in Japan.

This Visa is for the applicant to receive parental support in Japan, so it will be difficult to get permission when the child is close to an adult. Also, if the child is already financially independent, no permission will be granted.

The period of stay for them is usually decided by your period of stay.
When it is expired and if they want to stay in Japan beyond the period, they can apply for an extension of the period of the visa.

Basically, they can’t work, however, if they could get permission from the immigration bureau, they can work up to 28hours a week.
If they want to work longer than 28hours, they are required to change to another visa that is able to work.

If you want to live with someone other than a spouse or children, such as parents, siblings, and relatives.
They are not subject to this visa.
In this case, they can come to Japan with a “Temporary Visit” visa. Although their period of stay is limited to less than 90day.
And they can’t work in Japan with this visa.
If the applicant wishes to stay in Japan for more than 90 days, he/she should look for other Visa permission possibilities.

Thank you for reading
Takenaka

Japanese VISA for hiring foreign nationals

When hiring a foreign national, the foreign national employed must obtain a VISA that is appropriate for one’s business activities. To obtain a VISA, it is required to comply with the standards stipulated by the Immigration Control Act.

Here, I will introduce 3 types of workable visas

1) Engineer / Specialist in Humanities / International Services VISA

This VISA is the most commonly considered when foreigners work for a company in Japan. This Visa would be granted when the applicant performs activities to engage in services which require specialized skills or knowledge pertinent to the field of physical science, engineering or other natural science fields or to the field of jurisprudence, economics, sociology or other humanities fields or to engage in services which require specific ways of thinking or sensitivity acquired through experience with a foreign culture, based on a contract with a public or private organization in Japan

Applicants are required to have one of the following educational background or work experience.

  • Graduated from university with a major in subjects related to the technology and knowledge required for the work to be performed in Japan.
  • Graduated from vocational school In Japan (holding a title of “Senmon-shi” ) with a major in subjects related to the technology and knowledge required for the work to be performed in Japan.
  • More than 10 years of work experience. (Including the period of studying the technology / knowledge at an educational institution.)
  • More than 3 years of work experience. When you are going to engage in work based on foreign cultures,
  • The applicant has passed a test relating to information processing designated in a public notice by the Minister of Justice or holds a qualification relating to information processing designated in a public notice by the Minister of Justice in cases where he/she intends to engage in duties that require skills and knowledge pertaining to information processing.

The application must also meet the following criteria.

The applicant shall receive no less remuneration than would a Japanese national for comparable work.

* At the same time, the continuity and stability of the contracting organization’s business is also required.


2) Intracompany Transferee VISA

This Visa would be granted when the applicant performs activities on the part of personnel who is transferred to a business office in Japan for a limited period of time from a business office established in a foreign country by a public or private organization which has head office, branch office or other business office in Japan, and who engages in the activities listed in the “Engineer/Specialist in Humanities/International Services” column of this article at the business office.

The applicant must have been engaged in the work listed in “Engineer / Humanities / International Service Specialist” at a foreign office immediately before the application for a period of one year or more.

The applicant shall receive no less remuneration than would a Japanese national for comparable work.


3) Skilled Labor VISA

This Visa would be granted when the applicant performs activities to engage in services which require industrial techniques or skills belonging to special fields based on a contract with a public or private organization in Japan.

The following occupations are eligible for application.

(1) Cook

(2) Foreign-style building engineer

(3) Manufacture or repair of foreign-specific products

(4) Jewelry, precious metals, fur processing

(5) Animal training

(6) Oil exploration and geothermal development technicians

※ In the above (1) to (6), “more than 10 years of work experience (including the period of study at an educational institution) for the relevant skill” is required.

(7) Aircraft pilot

It is required to have at least 250hours’ flight experience using skills related to piloting an aircraft, who is to engage in duties as a pilot of an aircraft used for air transport as prescribed in Article 2, paragraph (18) of the Civil Aeronautics Act

(8) Sports leader

It is Required to have at least 3 years of work experience (including a period of study at an educational institution and a period of professional sports) for the relevant skill.

(9) Sommelier

It is required to have at least 5 years of practical experience in the appraisal, evaluation and maintenance of wine quality, and the skills related to the provision of wine (including the period of majoring in wine appraisal etc. at a foreign educational institution).

One of the following is required.
Applicant must be a good performer or experienced in the International Sommelier Competition. Or a qualification holder certified by a national or local public entity (including a foreign country) or a public or private institution equivalent thereto.

VISA required to start a business in Japan

This time, I will talk about VISA, which is necessary when starting a business in Japan.

Japanese visas can be roughly divided into two categories. One is Activity-Type VISA given by activities conducted in Japan, and the other one is Status-Type vise given by status or position in Japan.
(Please refer to the [Visas in Japan and work] table below.)

There are four kind of Status-Type vise: “Permanent Resident”, “Spouse or Child of Japanese National”, “Spouse or Child of Permanent Resident”, and “Long-Term Resident”.
There are no work restrictions for Status-Type vise. Any job is possible if it is not illegal.
When starting a business in Japan, there are no requirements for obtaining VISA, so you can set up a company as freely as a Japanese.

If you do not have one of Status-Type vises above, you must obtain a “Business Manager” VISA to manage or engage in business activities in Japan. (Please refer to the [Business Manager description]  below.)

Some people reading this blog may be thinking of starting a business by acquiring Highly Skilled Professionals VISA which has various types of Preferential Treatment.
This VISA can also manage the business, however, to obtain the VISA.
Firstly, it is necessary to meet the requirements of the “Business Manager” VISA.
In addition, it is necessary to secure income of 3 million yen or more, which is a requirement of “Highly Skilled Professionals” and obtain 70 points or more with the point system for “Highly Skilled Professionals”.

Below are the main requirements for obtaining” Business Manager “VISA.

(1) The business scale of the company satisfies either a) or b) or the combination of a) and b).

a) Business scale of 5 million yen or more
(In many cases, proof of the scale of the business is proved by the amount of capital of the company.)
b) Hiring two or more full-time employee.
(The above-mentioned full-time employees should be Japanese or ” those who holding Status-Type Visa Such as “permanent residents”, “spouses or child of Japanese”,” spouses or child of permanent resident”, “Long-term residents).

(2) An independent office (business facility) is secured for business in Japan.

(3) It is necessary to submit a feasible business plan.

To obtain the VISA, it is required to establish a company to meet the above requirements.

In addition, depending on the content of the business, there are some businesses that require prior permission from the relevant ministry or agency to carry out the business, as required by law.
In that case, it is necessary to establish a company that meets the requirements for permission.
Please be careful when deciding on the facility of business and creating the company’s articles of incorporation.

【Business Manager description】

Visa

Authorized activities

Examples

Period of Stay

Business Manager

Activities to engage in the operation of international trade or other business in Japan or to manage said business (except for activities to engage in the operation or management of business which may not be legally conducted without the qualification given in the column of “Legal/Accounting Services”).

Manager or operator of a company, etc.

5 years, 3 years, 1 year, 4 months or 3 months

The above “Business Manager description” is a quote from 2019 Immigration Control and Residency Management, (created by Immigration Services Agency, Japan).